YUGANTA BY IRAWATI KARVE PDF

YUGANTA. THE END OF AN EPOCH. IRAVATI KARVE. Preface. The idea of writing my Mahabharata studies in English occurred to me first when friends and . YUGANTA THE END OF AN EPOCH IRAVATI KARVE Preface The idea of writing my Mahabharata studies in English occurred to me first when friends and. About the Author. The author of this book, Irawati Karve, was also a well-known anthropologist and educationist from India. Apart from this book, Karve has.

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She has followed relationships guganta that between Krishna and Arjun and found them to be of equals, of intimate friends rather than the Deity-Follower story irawari is so popular.

In this message she uses a phrase to describe herself which shows that in spite of her laments she had thought her own life worthwhile. In the course of this narration stories are given of the ancestors of the heroes who fought the battle.

And then Bhishma kicked out Karna and didn’t fight very hard in the hope of stopping the war The Jains made the Krishna story a part of their tradition and wrote on the Mahabharata incidents and stories. He was killed on the fifteenth day. But in the court where he sat as the eldest he did not lift a finger to halt the indignity to a woman.

But to the bu of all Bhishma promptly accepted.

It makes no sense, she says, because people routinely ate beef in those days, and the standards of “morality” in this passage are defined more by contemporary standards than those prevalent at the time of the epic. Would Vidura have ruled Hastinapur if Pandu and Dhritarashtra had both died without producing heirs?

I cannot expect the more forward looking and I outward looking new generation to have that attitude. Her eldest son gambled away his kingdom. We become acutely aware that each person knows his end, and his agony and dread become our own. He had three sons, Devapi, Balhika and Shantanu.

The course of the main story of the Mahabharata is driven inexorably to the calamitous end by the designs of its pivotal female characters. All the great personages in the Mahabharata are cut down in her analysis to human size.

And with his lips later authors made him speak the banalities of the Shantiparva. When Shishupala protested against honouring Krishna, thus threatening to break up the assembly, he was killed by Krishna.

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There is nothing purely black or white in this story. Uttara, the prince of Virata, is killed. But more importantly, the examination of various characters, their motivations and actions, belief systems and relationships with each other, as well as the societal frameworks of class, makes up most of the book. Karna is one of my favourite characters and how she opens him bare in front of the reader is one of the most disappointing reads for a fan. She could master her grief and hold her head up.

How unequal the parvas are can be seen from the number of couplets in each: On the ninth day Krishna rushed on Bhishma with the whip in his hand.

The war lasted eighteen days.

Yuganta: The End of an Epoch

In the middle of the night they set fire to the house and escaped through an already prepared underground tunnel. But today Vidura too was supporting Dhritarashtra.

Bheeshma and Karna Though I find Karve’s essays much more stimulating now, I can’t help being simultaneously amused and discomfited by her treatment of two of the Mahabharat’s most complex and esteemed characters: In the evening she ceased to think of her own home and became absorbed crowded capital below and the broad forests beyond, along the banks of the Yamuna.

Duryodhana used this opportunity and ordered his spy Purochana to build a palace with combustible material to house them and in which later on he planned to burn them alive. Men and women lived to eat the fruits of their actions and the epic was ultimately a tragic one.

Yuganta: The End of an Epoch by Irawati Karve

Of course their status in the male dominated Kshatriya clans is pretty ghastly, but they still managed to be vengeful and mean on an epic scale. Perhaps it’s just me, but I think it would be highly out of character for a woman born out of fire to be meek. Yeah, I’ve heard it both ways too. Also the status of women then, the irawatk of livelihood of the commoners, the Kshatriya code of conduct find a place in this book.

As usual my husband has been very helpful in insisting on some order in my haphazard writing. Gandhari and Kunti rarely get the amount of attention in retellings and in karvw respect, this book is very different. Kunti was like a tigress in such moments, whipping them up to stand and fight and not to waste time languishing around. I want to say that it was on one of the major websites like Hindunet or something, but I have no bookmark, and my memory is fuzzy.

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Jabberwock: Irawati Karve and Yuganta: an anthropologist’s Mahabharata

In most serialized renditions of the tale, the stories are marve of miracles and divine interventions and yet in the core text there were no gods who intervened in the affairs of mortals. How they must have cursed Bhishma! The book also raises questions on whether idol-worship and vegetarianism were part of that epoch or if they came into being later.

But this is one of the first times that I’ve come across a Mahabharata-Krishna who can be defined in strictly human terms, without raising the question of his divinity at all.

What did Bhishma get in return for his sacrifice? But it makes a lot of sense. The End of an Epoch is a book written by anthropologist Irawati Karve. But every time a child was bom Ganga would take him to the river and drown him.

The royal house of the Kauravas and the Pandavas, rent by the violent passions of its factions, which were too great to be subdued by the virtues it possessed, like the house of Atreus came to inevitable, violent extinction. This was what Kunti had striven and hoped for. It is a growth over many centuries, which incorporates material of many varieties drawn from many sources — possibly a little history, certainly much myth, legend, fairy tale, fable, anecdote, religious and philosophical writing, legal material, even anthropological items, and miscellaneous data of other kinds.

The author argues that the Bhakti tradition has indeed corrupted the Mahabharatha and our society in particular producing mere idol worshipers. Immediately she realized how false her words were. Related Questions Why should I read mahabharat?

The Pandavas struggled through life and on their way to the throne, they had to withstand social isolation, self-imposed exile and also fighting it out every step of the way.